Boosting Cooperation Between Agents in Diverse Groups: A Dynamical Model of Prosocial Behavior, Free-Riding and Coercive Solutions

  • Nazaria Solferino Economics Department, University of Rome Tor Vergata" Via Columbia 2, 00133 Rome, Italy
  • Serena Fiona Taurino Economics Department, University of Rome Tor Vergata" Via Columbia 2, 00133 Rome, Italy
  • M. Elisabetta Tessitore Economics Department, University of Rome Tor Vergata" Via Columbia 2, 00133 Rome, Italy

Abstract

Cooperation is usually stronger towards in-group members, because giving an up-right signal about themselves implies higher possibilities of reciprocity among members with the same social identity. We examine the case where collaboration between two groups is a mandatory condition to achieve success in a particular project, but in the first one, the social identity is quite strong. We show that the existence of a small share of prosocial players in the first group can create a sort of "imitation effect" so that each new member puts more effort in cooperating with the outsiders. On the other side, to avoid free-riding effort should be conditional to the other's commitment. This way to boost cooperation is usually more efficient than a coercive strategy in the presence of significant sized majorities or feelings of resentments. Our analysis suggests that it is appropriate, under some circumstances, to stimulate a multicultural paradigm devoted to value and manage diversity through an acculturation process emphasizing adaptation, interdependence, and mutual appreciation of different cultures.

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How to Cite
Solferino, N., Taurino, S. F., & Tessitore, M. E. (2018, November 17). Boosting Cooperation Between Agents in Diverse Groups: A Dynamical Model of Prosocial Behavior, Free-Riding and Coercive Solutions. International Journal of Applied Economics, Finance and Accounting, 3(2), 48-55. Retrieved from http://onlineacademicpress.com/index.php/IJAEFA/article/view/79
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