Health Expenditure and Child Health Outcome in West Africa

  • Olufemi Solomon Olatunde Department of Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
  • Abayomi A. Adebayo Department of Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
  • Fisayo Fagbemi M.Sc. Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Abstract

The study examines the long run relationship between public health expenditure and under-five mortality rate in 15 West African countries over the period of 1991-2015 with the use of panel fully modified least square (FMOLS). The empirical analysis is made up of both aggregate and disaggregated model. Based on the findings, long run relationship between per capita health expenditure and under-five mortality rate is confirmed. Further evidence indicates that public health expenditure has a significant impact on the rate of under-five mortality. Thus, it is revealed that an increase in health expenditure among West African countries would lead to a drastic reduction in infant mortality rate in the region. Furthermore, it is asserted that institutional quality, female literacy rate and immunization are central for reducing under-five mortality rate in the region. Hence, it is suggested that the quality of institutions, female literacy rate and immunizations which are often neglected in the literature should be accorded considerable priority in policy formulations. Also, governments of West African countries should increase the rate of health expenditure in their respective countries.
Keywords: Public health expenditure, Child health outcome, Economic development, FMOLS, West Africa.

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Olatunde, O. S., Adebayo, A. A., & Fagbemi, F. (2019, December 3). Health Expenditure and Child Health Outcome in West Africa. International Journal of Social Sciences Perspectives, 5(2), 72-83. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33094/7.2017.2019.52.72.83
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